The ADDIE model is a five-phase instructional design model. It is an acronym for analyze, design, develop, implement and evaluate.


Analyze: During this phase, you must assess your learners, their skills and background knowledge. Consider the goals of the lesson or course, what problems need to be addressed, and the physical context in which you are to teach them.

Design: Choose your learning objectives, approach and develop a strategy for the lesson's implementation.
Develop:Create your materials, select a delivery method and design your evaluation/assessment.
Implement: Conduct the lesson!
Evaluate: This phase includes the formative (reflection at each stage) and summative (feedback at end of process) evaluations.

History: This model was created by Florida State University for the U.S. Armed Forces in 1975. Russel Watson, advocate for the ADDIE model, explains its formation with the following:

As defense machinery was becoming more and more sophisticated, the educational background of entry level soldiers was becoming lower and lower. The potential solution to this problem was in the form of a 'systems approach' to training. The system selected for use by the Army was Instructional Systems Development (ISD), developed in 1975 by Florida State University. ISD is a comprehensive five phase process encompassing the entire training/educational environment. Although ISD is a systematic step-by-step approach, it has the flexibility to be used with both individualized and traditional instruction. It is however, specifically orientated towards the use of behavioral/performance objectives and criterion-referenced tests. - Russell Watson, 1981

Uses of the model:
Military (original use): efficient training for new, inexperienced soldiers

Business: training new employees, new processes, new machinery

Classroom: Plan for teachers as they design lessons, courses (backward design)

1. May not be successful if learner/trainee does not have necessary background training/knowledge or desire to learn
2. Does not necessarily lead to best solution
3. Doesn’t produce timely results

How to get a date using the ADDIE model

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